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  • 高阳.贝利相与非线性输运[J].低温物理学报,2019,(4):241-266.    [点击复制]
  • Yang Gao.Implication of Berry Phase in Nonlinear Transport Phenomena[J].LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICAL LETTERS,2019,(4):241-266.   [点击复制]
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贝利相与非线性输运
高阳
0
(卡耐基梅隆大学物理系, 匹兹堡, PA 15213, 美利坚合众国)
摘要:
电子输运现象包含一系列很重要的材料性质,并可以用来提供关于载体物理系统的很多信息。在 最近的二三十年,人们逐渐认识到除了电子能谱之外,电子在布里渊区的几何性质,比如贝利曲率和 轨道磁矩,会在电子输运中起到关键性的作用。在线性输运现象中的此种关联已引起广泛的兴趣并得 到深入的研究。然而,在非线性输运现象中的电子几何性质的作用的研究最近才逐渐起步。此种关联 可以大大加深对各种非线性输运现象的认识,并对如何从材料控制上调节非线性现象的强度提供有价 值的研究视角和指导原则。基于此背景,本文试图引入研究输运现象的半经典理论框架,并在几种输 运现象中举例说明贝利相的作用。
关键词:  半经典动力学,朗道能级,非线性反常霍尔效应,圆二色性,方向二色性
DOI:10.13380/j.ltpl.2019.04.002
基金项目:
Implication of Berry Phase in Nonlinear Transport Phenomena
Yang Gao
(Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA)
Abstract:
Electron transport involves a family of important material properties that can provide a wealth of information about the underlying system. In recent few decades, it has been more and more realized that the geometrical quantities in the momentum space, such as the Berry curvature and the orbital magnetic moment, play a highly involving role in the electron transport. Their connection to the transport property has been examined to great extent at the linear order. At the nonlinear order, such connection has begun to be examined recently. This not only deepens the understanding of such nonlinear transport phenomena, but also helps the band-structure engineering of them. In this work, we introduce the general semiclassical framework of the transport theory, which can be used to study both the linear and nonlinear phenomena, and exemplify the Berry phase effect in several transport phenomena.
Key words:  Berry Phase, semiclassical dynamics, Landau level, nonlinear anomalous Hall effect, circular dichroism, and nonreciprocal directional dichroism

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